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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Gender differences in sociodemographic characteristics, psychological symptoms and nicotine dependence among smokers who desired to quit smoking [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-95967 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.95967

Gender differences in sociodemographic characteristics, psychological symptoms and nicotine dependence among smokers who desired to quit smoking

Dilek Sarıkaya1, Eser Sağaltıcı2, Muhammed Mustafa Uzan3, Ömür Günday Toker2, Selim Polat4
1Uskudar University Medicine Faculty, Department of Psychiatry,Istanbul,Turkey
2Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital,Psychiatry Department,ıstanbul,Turkey
3Tepecik Training and Research Hospital,Family Medicine Department,Izmir,Turkey
4Adana City Training and Research Hospital,Psychiatry Department,Adana,Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to determine the differences between genders in terms of nicotine addiction severity and psychological symptom levels in individuals admitted to the smoking cessation clinic, and to determine the relationship between smoking behaviors and gender, addiction severity and psychological symptoms.
METHODS: 224.0 (100.0 women, 124.0 men) patients were enrolled to the study, who applied to the smoking cessation outpatient clinic of a state hospital within six months. Socio-demographic form, symptom check list 90 revised (SCL 90-R) and fagerstrom nicotine dependence scale (FNDS) were administered to the participants.
RESULTS: The median FTND score was 7.0 (IQR= 5.0-9.0) in women and 8.0 (IQR= 6.0-8.0) in men (p=0.232). FTND scores were found to be associated with somatization symptom level of SCL-90 R (r=0.215, p=0.017) and daily tea consumption (glass) (r=0.244, p<0.001) in men. Also in men, the number of cigarettes smoked per day was found to be related with some subgroups of SCL-90 R (somatization (r=0.193, p=0.032), depression (r=0.177, p=0.049), anxiety (r=0.257, p<0,001), phobic anxiety (r=0.225), p=0.012), psychotism (r=0.238, p<0.001) additional symptoms (r=0.272, p=0.002), general symptom(r=0.220, p=0.014)) and daily tea consumption (cups) (r=0.231, p<0.001).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We recommend to the clinicians to keep in mind that patients who wants to quit smoking may have psychological symptoms. Especially in men these psychological symptoms can be related with nicotine dependence severity. According to the findings, structuring gender based different treatment strategies may be effective for nicotine addiction treatment. These findings should be supported with large-scale studies.

Keywords: Tobacco use disorder, gender role, psychological factors, smoking cessation, nicotine dependence



Corresponding Author: Dilek Sarıkaya, Türkiye
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