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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Probiotics use in recurrent vaginal candidiasis [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-54775 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.54775

Probiotics use in recurrent vaginal candidiasis

Zeynep Ayaz
Zeynep Ayaz.Mersin Mezitli Public Health Center

Vaginal candidiasis is the second most common after bacterial vaginosis. Its incidence is 118-200 / 100000 women, and it has been reported that 75% of women of reproductive age have an attack of vulvovaginal candidiasis and half of this infection can be seen again. It is accepted that 5-10% of women with vaginal candidiasis are exposed to recurrent infections. For the case to be considered as recurrence, it must have had at least four symptomatic attacks within 12 months. In the treatment of RVVC, suppressive and preventive treatment of episodes is recommended rather than individual treatment of episodes. Increasing drug resistance and drug side effects that may develop in long-term use make it necessary to consider alternative options in the treatment of recurrent vaginitis. As probiotics contain lactobacilli, which constitute the most important group of natural vaginal flora, it has been shown that it replaces the vaginal flora and reduces vaginal PH with components such as bacteriocin, lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide and supports mucosal immunity through the immunomodulation mechanism, thus preventing pathogen candida colonization and thus clinical candida vaginitis. It has been shown to correct their symptoms. In this context, probiotics can also be considered as a useful alternative in the treatment of recurrent candida.

Keywords: Vaginal candidiasis, recurren vaginal candidiasis, probiotics, vaginal probiotics



Corresponding Author: Zeynep Ayaz, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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