E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Volume : 4 Issue : 3 Year : 2021

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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine The Relationship between Sleep Duration and Hypertension in Adult Women: A Community-based Study on Rural Population [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2021; 4(3): 263-267 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.04127

The Relationship between Sleep Duration and Hypertension in Adult Women: A Community-based Study on Rural Population

Mohammad Fahrizal Fanani1, Eka Prasetya Budi Mulia2, Fitriana Kusuma Wardhani1, Pipit Mei Sari3, Olivia Josephine Wijaya3, Cokorda Agung Paramadika1, Dannu Novriandhika4, Dwi Aprilawati5, Wahjuni Pudjiastuti6
1Department of Medical Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
2Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
3Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
4Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
5Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
6Department of Public Health, East Java State Public Health Training Center, Lawang, Malang, Indonesia

INTRODUCTION: Sleep deprivation may increase sympathetic nervous system activity, which, in turn, could result in an increase in blood pressure. However, data examining the relationship between sleep duration and hypertension from rural populations remain to be limited. This study aimed to determine the relationship between sleep duration at night and hypertension among adult women in rural Indonesia.
METHODS: Community-based study was conducted on adult women from a rural population in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Data was collected via interviews to obtain their sociodemographic information and sleep pattern. Blood pressure was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer.
RESULTS: In total, 105 adult women were enrolled in this study. The prevalence rate of hypertension was found to be 63 (60.0%). The prevalence rate of subjects who sleep less than 7 hours per night was 54 (51.4%). Hypertension was observed in 46 (73.0%) of the participants who slept less than 7 hours, while hypertension was observed in 17 (27.0%) of the participants who slept more than 7 hours (p<0.001).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Hypertension was associated with short sleep duration among the rural adult women. These results underscore the potential importance of sufficient sleep in reducing the frequency of hypertension.

Keywords: Adult, women, hypertension, rural population, sleep

Mohammad Fahrizal Fanani, Eka Prasetya Budi Mulia, Fitriana Kusuma Wardhani, Pipit Mei Sari, Olivia Josephine Wijaya, Cokorda Agung Paramadika, Dannu Novriandhika, Dwi Aprilawati, Wahjuni Pudjiastuti. The Relationship between Sleep Duration and Hypertension in Adult Women: A Community-based Study on Rural Population. anatol j fm. 2021; 4(3): 263-267

Corresponding Author: Eka Prasetya Budi Mulia, Indonesia
Manuscript Language: English
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