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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Compliance with salt restriction and drug treatment among patients with hypertension: a cross-sectional study [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-91885 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.91885

Compliance with salt restriction and drug treatment among patients with hypertension: a cross-sectional study

Burcu Aykanat Yurtsever1, Turan Set2, Elif Ateş2, Ceyhun Yurtsever3
1Rize Provincial Health Directorate, Community Health Services Unit, Rize, Turkey
2Department of Family Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
3İslampaşa Family Health Center, 32. Family Medicine Unit, Rize, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a disease that affects a large part of the population and can cause morbidity and mortality. Along with regular use of medications, compliance with salt restriction also plays an important role in blood pressure control. This study aims to evaluate compliance with salt restriction and drug treatment among patients with hypertension admitted to a university hospital.
METHODS: This study was carried out as a cross-sectional study in December 2014 in a university hospital. The study included 101 patients with hypertension who applied to cardiology outpatient clinic aged 35 years and over. The participants were questioned by their demographic characteristics, salt consumption and whether they used their drugs regularly.
RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 62.9 ± 11.2 years and 51.5% (n = 52) were male. The rate of patients paying attention to salt restriction is 60.4%. Thirty percent of those who do not pay attention to salt restriction said that they did not know that they should restrict salt. Rural residents were found to have a higher rate of compliance with salt restriction than urban residents (69% versus 48.8%, p=0.041). The participants who used the drugs regularly were 92.1%. There was no significant relationship between regular drug use and age, gender, living place, educational level, presence of additional disease and duration of disease (p> 0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Although the majority of hypertensive patients use medication regularly, it has been observed that almost half of them do not pay attention to salt restriction. This shows that more attention should be paid to patient education.

Keywords: Diet, sodium-restricted, hypertension, family practice, patient education



Corresponding Author: Burcu Aykanat Yurtsever, Türkiye
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