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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine The role of Physical Therapy and Virtual Rehabilitation in, during, and post COVID-19 disease. [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-59672 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.59672

The role of Physical Therapy and Virtual Rehabilitation in, during, and post COVID-19 disease.

Aakansha Saraf1, Ishaan Gupta1, Neha Sharma1, Aksh Chahal1, Mohammad ABU Shaphe2, Fuzail Ahmad3
1Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Haryana, India
2Department of Physical therapy College of Applied Medical Science Jazan University Saudi Arabia
3Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia

Objective: Physical therapy is an essential pillar of rehabilitation to restore optimal functioning of the body both during and post-illness. Early physical therapy rehabilitation protocols have shown improved functional outcomes and a reduction in mortality rates. During the pandemic, multiple technological enhancements in the field of medicine have been generated to restrict the outburst of the virus. Virtual rehabilitation has allowed practitioners to provide a safe treatment without any risk of viral contamination. Therefore, this review aimed to evaluate the importance of physical therapy and rehabilitation during and post infection of corona virus (COVID-19).
Method: The five electronic databases such as PubMed, ResearchGate, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholars were searched to retrieve articles, which published after the outbreaks of COVID-19 pandemic. Six studies were included in the final review. It is a compilation and examination of physical therapy treatments provided by various hospitals and organizations during and after COVID-19.
Result: The present review throws light on physical therapy, going hand in hand with virtual rehabilitation, to play a promising role in patients with mild to moderate symptoms, thus improving their quality of life. The necessary references, as well as the statistics gathered from the published articles, are available. A total of 12046 patients were included (nearly equal in gender, 54% male and 46% female). There were 3085 (25.6%) patients who had fatigue symptoms, and 1866 (15.5%) patients who had arthralgia/myalgia. Within an hour of being in the prone position, patients were found to have an increase in oxygenation (SpO2) from 94 percent to 98 percent. The pace of breathing was also improved, dropping from 31 to 22 per minute.
Conclusion Physical therapy and virtual rehabilitation have improved daily activities while assisting in the recovery of health, lifestyle, and lowering post-illness physical and mental deficiencies.

Keywords: Physical Therapy, Virtual Rehabilitation, COVID-19 Disease, Complications.

Corresponding Author: Mohammad ABU Shaphe, Saudi Arabia
Manuscript Language: English
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