E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Volume : 4 Issue : 3 Year : 2021

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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine The Frequency of Depression in Institutionalized and Homebound Older Adults and Related Factors [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2021; 4(3): 226-231 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.52244

The Frequency of Depression in Institutionalized and Homebound Older Adults and Related Factors

Edicho López1, Yuli Mendoza1, Dany Natividad1, Maribel Flores1, Tanid Villanueva1, Juan Morales2
1Department of Nursing Education, University of Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Health Sciences, Lima, Peru
2Department of E-Health Research, University of Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Health Sciences, Specialist in Family and Community Medicine, Lima, Peru

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the frequencies of depression in institutionalized and homebound older adults.
METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in aged over 65 years, in home-bound seniors who living with or without other family members, and institutionalized seniors who living in a geriatrics facility in Lima, Peru between July 01 and July 31, 2019. The Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (Short Form) was used to assess depression.
RESULTS: The study included 250 elderly adults. One hundred and twenty-five (50.0%) of the participants were in the home-bound group and 125 (50.0%) of the participants were in the institutionalized group. The mean age of the participants was 75.2±6.2 years, 134 (53.6%) were male and 100 (40.0%) were single. Among the homebound older adults, 87 (69.6%) were found to have moderate depression and the results of 15 (12.0%) suggested severe depression. In the institutionalized group, 45 (36.0%) had moderate depression, and 22 (17.6%) showed severe depression. In the elderly, 102 (60.4%) in the home-bound group and 67 (39.6%) in institutionalized group had depression (p<0.001). While 33 (19.5%) of married elderly people had depression, 5 (6.2%) did not have depression (p=0.017).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Among older adults, a high frequency of depressive symptoms was found. Depression was observed mainly in home-bound elderly and married. The participation of governments and family members is required to ensure the provision of adequate health services and assistance for the growing elderly population.

Keywords: Elderly, depression, depressive disorder, mental health, Peru

Edicho López, Yuli Mendoza, Dany Natividad, Maribel Flores, Tanid Villanueva, Juan Morales. The Frequency of Depression in Institutionalized and Homebound Older Adults and Related Factors. anatol j fm. 2021; 4(3): 226-231

Corresponding Author: Juan Morales, Peru
Manuscript Language: English
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