INTRODUCTION: Objective: The aim is comparing the frequency of depression between institutionalized and homebound older adults of Lima.
METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample was made up of dependent older adults of both sexes, with cognitive capacity to answer the questionnaire. The Spanish version of the abbreviated Yesavage Questionnaire was used to assess the state of depression.
RESULTS: The study included 125 homebound older adults and 125 institutionalized older adults of both sexes, with a mean age of 75.2 years (SD = 6.2, Range: 65 to 92). Of the sample, 134 (53.6%) were male, 100 (40.0%) were single, and 73 (29.2%) widowed. Among homebound older adults, 87 (69.6%) had moderate depression and 15(12.0%) had severe depression. In institutionalized older adults, 45 (36.0%) had moderate depression and 22 (17.6%) severe depression. Homebound older adults had higher proportion of depression compared to institutionalized older adults (p<0.001); according to marital status, singles and widowers mainly presented depression compared to married or divorced (p=0.017).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of depressive symptoms were found among homebound older adults, mainly in singles and widowers. Participation of family members is required to access health services and obtain assistance guidelines for the elderly.