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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Evaluation of Nomophobia and Smartphone Addiction Levels Among University Students in Terms of Alcohol and Drug Use Risk [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-30502 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.30502

Evaluation of Nomophobia and Smartphone Addiction Levels Among University Students in Terms of Alcohol and Drug Use Risk

İzzet Fidancı1, Hilal Aksoy1, Duygu Ayhan Başer1, Duygu Yengil Taci2, Mustafa Cankurtaran3
1Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Department of Family Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
3Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to examine the relationship of nomophobia and smartphone addiction, that have not become increasingly prevalent, with other addictions, especially drug use.
METHODS: The study included 461 university students aged 18 and over who volunteered to participate in the study and completed the questionnaire after giving written consent. They were administered the questionnaire containing questions about socio-demographical characteristics in the first part, and the "Nomophobia Scale", "Smartphone Addiction Scale" and "Alcohol and Drug Use Risk Screening Scale" in the second part. The data were analyzed with IBM SPSS V23.
RESULTS: 50.5% of the students were men, and 49.5% were women. The median nomophobia score, the median smartphone addiction scale score, the median alcohol addiction risk scale score, and the drug addiction risk scale score were found 78, 35, 6 and 0, respectively.
No significant difference was found in the nomophobia and smartphone addiction levels between the alcohol addiction risk groups and the drug addiction risk groups.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Given the increased tendency to follow technological developments among university students, their incapability to stay away from smartphones and similar devices due to smartphone addiction is considered an indicator of the fact that they are addicted. This can predispose to other accompanying addictions such as alcohol and drug use.However, it should be also noted that many different factors may cause this. All health institutions should take necessary protective measures to minimize and eliminate such addictions.

Keywords: Nomophobia, smartphone, students, addiction medicine, alcohol drinking, drug addicts



Corresponding Author: İzzet Fidancı, Türkiye
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