INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of eating disorders has increased in modern population. This study aimed to describe the presence of Orthorexia nervosa (ON) tendency among healthy non-obese individuals.
METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation of volunteers who were screened by a questionnaire including demographic data and ORTO-11 scale (Turkish version of ORTO-15 scale) was performed in the family medicine clinics at a tertiary hospital between April 2017 and October 2017. Patients were excluded if overweight/obese or have eating disorder diagnosis and related diseases or therapy use before.
RESULTS: This study included 801 participants with an age of 31.5±10.9 years. The average score of the ORTO-11 scale was 25.1± 4.5 points, and ON tendency was obtained in 505 (%63) participants. 302 (59.8%) of individuals with ON were women, 336 (66.5%) were married, and 76 (15%) had regular supplement use. A significant difference was revealed in favor of participants with ON tendency in aged over 50 years group (p<0.001), marriage (p=0.008), female gender (p=0.012), regular supplement use (p=0.007). ORTO-11 score was related to age (r= -0.20 p<0.001), height (r=0.12 p=0.001) and weight (r=0.08 p=0.03) respectively.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: ORTO-11 scale was performed on a healthy population in this study sample which has a high ON tendency rate. It seems that ON tendency is already a healthy eating trend in the healthy population rather than an eating disorder. It might be predicted that healthy eating trends would be more common in the future time.