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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Presence of Orthorexia Nervosa Tendency in Healthy Population [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-24085 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.24085

Presence of Orthorexia Nervosa Tendency in Healthy Population

Merve Pökön, Melike Mercan Başpınar, Okcan Basat
Department Of Family Medicine, University Of Health Sciences Gaziosmanpaşa Training And Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of eating disorders has increased in modern population. This study aimed to describe the presence of Orthorexia nervosa (ON) tendency among healthy non-obese individuals.
METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation of volunteers who were screened by a questionnaire including demographic data and ORTO-11 scale (Turkish version of ORTO-15 scale) was performed in the family medicine clinics at a tertiary hospital between April 2017 and October 2017. Patients were excluded if overweight/obese or have eating disorder diagnosis and related diseases or therapy use before.
RESULTS: This study included 801 participants with an age of 31.5±10.9 years. The average score of the ORTO-11 scale was 25.1± 4.5 points, and ON tendency was obtained in 505 (%63) participants. 302 (59.8%) of individuals with ON were women, 336 (66.5%) were married, and 76 (15%) had regular supplement use. A significant difference was revealed in favor of participants with ON tendency in aged over 50 years group (p<0.001), marriage (p=0.008), female gender (p=0.012), regular supplement use (p=0.007). ORTO-11 score was related to age (r= -0.20 p<0.001), height (r=0.12 p=0.001) and weight (r=0.08 p=0.03) respectively.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: ORTO-11 scale was performed on a healthy population in this study sample which has a high ON tendency rate. It seems that ON tendency is already a healthy eating trend in the healthy population rather than an eating disorder. It might be predicted that healthy eating trends would be more common in the future time.

Keywords: Body Mass Index, Eating Disorder, Healthy Eating

Corresponding Author: Melike Mercan Başpınar, Türkiye
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