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Volume : 3 Issue : 3 Year : 2021

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The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Serum Calcium, Vitamin D Levels in Pediatric Flatfoot Patients That were Brought to Clinic with or without in-Toeing Complaint [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2020; 3(3): 216-220 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.03522

Serum Calcium, Vitamin D Levels in Pediatric Flatfoot Patients That were Brought to Clinic with or without in-Toeing Complaint

Kadri Yıldız1, Hayrunnisa Bekis Bozkurt2, Vahit Yıldız3
1Department of Orthopaedia and Traumatology, Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
2Department of Child Health and Diseases, Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
3Department of Orthopaedia and Traumatology, Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the serum levels of calcium and Vitamin D in pediatric patients with flatfoot, who were brought to clinic with or without in-toeing compliants.
METHODS: Flatfoot patients who were followed up between November 2017 and December 2019 were divided into four groups. Group A included patients who had flatfoot with in-toeing. Group B included patients who had flatfoot without in-toeing. Group C included patients who had in-toeing without flatfoot. Group D was the control group and it included patients who had neither flatfoot nor in-toeing. Group D had no other acquired or congenital diseases via to the pediatric age. Serum levels of calcium and Vitamin D were detected by biochemical assays on study and control groups.
RESULTS: In this study, four study groups included 204 children who were divided in to four groups as Group A, B, C and D. All groups included 51 (%25.0) patients. According to test results, in the serum calcium levels, there was a significant difference between Group A and Group D in favor of the control group (p=0.040). There was no significant difference between serum vitamin D levels and foot deformities (p=0.457). The relationship between calcium values and foot deformities was significant (p=0.004). The relationship between vitamin D values and foot deformities was not significant (p=0.457).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The coexistence of flatfoot and in-toeing may be related to lower serum calcium levels. Flatfoot with or without in-toeing has no relationship with serum Vitamin D levels.

Keywords: Flatfoot, in-toeing, calcium, vitamin D

Kadri Yıldız, Hayrunnisa Bekis Bozkurt, Vahit Yıldız. Serum Calcium, Vitamin D Levels in Pediatric Flatfoot Patients That were Brought to Clinic with or without in-Toeing Complaint. anatol j fm. 2020; 3(3): 216-220

Corresponding Author: Kadri Yıldız, Türkiye
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