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Volume : 4 Issue : 1 Year : 2021

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The effects of mothers’ anxiety and depression on sleep habits of 0-3 month’s old infants [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-96720 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.96720

The effects of mothers’ anxiety and depression on sleep habits of 0-3 month’s old infants

Meliha Sevim1, Ufuk Beyazova2, Enes Ahmet Güven3, AYSU DUYAN ÇAMURDAN2
1Department Of Pediatrics, University Of Health Sciences, Ankara Training And Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department Of Pediatrics, Gazi University Faculty Of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
3Sakarya Public Health Department, Sakarya, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explain infants’ sleep habits and investigate the factors that may affect their sleep in the first three months after they were born.
METHODS: Infants that were born between 29/10/2014-30/11/2014 dates at Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics were recruited for this study. The mothers of the infants were interviewed face to face with in the three days after birth. "Baby sleep evaluation questionnaire" was filled and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression and Beck Anxiety Scale were filled out by the mothers. “Baby sleep evaluation questionnaires” and scales were applied monthly.
RESULTS: The study included 70 infants. Average sleep duration of one month old infants was found to be 14±2.3 hours while daily average sleep duration of three month old infants was 13.7 ±2 hours. Total sleep duration of infants was in a decreasing trend from birth till the end of the 3rd month.
A significant relation was found between the mothers’ anxiety and the infants’ sleep quality in the second month, but not in the first or the third month (p<.05). Factors such as using a pacifier, nasal obstruction, sleep position, nurse availability or sex had no effect on mother’s opinion about the baby’s sleep, sleep duration, waking frequency and night time falling asleep duration.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Poor sleep quality reported by mothers decreases towards the third month. There is a significant relation between the mothers’ anxiety and the infants’ sleep quality in the second month in contrast to the first and the third month (p<.05).

Keywords: infant, sleep habits, 0-3 months old, anxiety, maternal depression



Corresponding Author: Meliha Sevim, Türkiye
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