E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Volume : 4 Issue : 1 Year : 2021

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Relationship between lifestyle behaviors and upper respiratory tract infections [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-86547 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.86547

Relationship between lifestyle behaviors and upper respiratory tract infections

Burcu Aykanat Yurtsever1, Turan Set2, Ceyhun Yurtsever3
1Rize Provincial Health Directorate, Director of Community Health Services Unit, Rize, Turkey
2Department of Family Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
3İslampaşa Family Health Center, 32. Family Medicine Unit, Rize, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are one of the most common diseases in the general population and lifestyle factors have been frequently associated with URTIs. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between URTIs’ frequency and their recovery time and lifestyle behaviors.
METHODS: This study was carried out as a cross-sectional study in a tertiary family medicine outpatient clinic between November 2015 and June 2017. Voluntary individuals who applied to clinic for any complaint between the ages of 18 and 45 were included in the study. Of 384 participants, the socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors and information about URTIs they have last 1 year were questioned.
RESULTS: The median of the total number of URTIs was 2 times, and the median of URTIs' recovery time was 5 days. The incidence of URTIs was higher in current smokers (p=0,028), those exposed to more cigarette smoke (p=0,017), those with more fluid intake per day (p=0,037), those with more fast-food consumption per month (p=0,044), and those who do not ventilate the house every day (p=0,037). In younger (p=0,039), women (p=0,017), those who exercise less weekly (p=0,039) and those who use vitamins (p=0,034), it was determined that the URTIs recovery time was longer.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: By interfering with modifiable lifestyle behaviors related URTIs, the incidence of URTIs can be reduced and URTIs' recovery time can be shortened.

Keywords: Family practice, lifestyle, preventive medicine, smoking, upper respiratory tract infection

Corresponding Author: Burcu Aykanat Yurtsever, Türkiye
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