E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Volume : 4 Issue : 2 Year : 2021

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Are Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Hepatitis B Aware of Their Disease? [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2020; 3(3): 242-248 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.83803

Are Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Hepatitis B Aware of Their Disease?

Pınar Ergen1, Fatma Yılmaz Karadağ1, Özlem Aydın1, Arzu Doğru2, Ayşe Canan Üçışık1, Saadet Yazıcı1, Zuhal Aydan Sağlam3, Mustafa Haluk Vahaboğlu1
1Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Tuzla State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Family Medicine, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the level of knowledge of patients being followed up with a diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B Infection about the disease, route of transmission, prevention and treatment.
METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between June-December 2016. The survey consisted of questions about demographic information, general information about the disease, routes of transmission, prevention, treatment and patient follow-up.
RESULTS: The questionnaire was administered to 500 patients. The mean age of the patients was 42.2±12.9 years, 319 (63.8%) were male. In this study, 141 (28.2%) of the patients said that hepatitis B was not an infectious disease. The level of knowledge about the name of the disease, infectiousness and its complications was significantly high in patients with a high education level and in patients who were diagnosed with hepatitis B for more than five years. While 214 (98.7%) patients with high education level knew the name of the disease and 191 (88.0%) patients knew virus’ infectiousness and its complications. Three hundred twenty-one (97.6%) patients with hepatitis B for more than five years knew the name of the disease and 278 (84.5%) patients knew the virus' infectiousness and its complications.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Hepatitis B infection stil remains a critical health problem for both the patient and his environment. Increasing awareness of patients about their diseases will decrease the spread of infection and control the complications that may arise in the future due to hepatitis B.

Keywords: Awareness, hepatitis B, knowledge

Pınar Ergen, Fatma Yılmaz Karadağ, Özlem Aydın, Arzu Doğru, Ayşe Canan Üçışık, Saadet Yazıcı, Zuhal Aydan Sağlam, Mustafa Haluk Vahaboğlu. Are Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Hepatitis B Aware of Their Disease?. anatol j fm. 2020; 3(3): 242-248

Corresponding Author: Pınar Ergen, Türkiye
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