E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Volume : 4 Issue : 1 Year : 2021

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Awareness of Parents About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. Ahead of Print: ANATOLJFM-18189 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2021.18189

Awareness of Parents About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine

Cansu Levent1, Ali Özdemir2, Berrin Telatar3
1Beytüşşebap State Hospital, Şırnak, Turkey
2Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Family Medicine, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is one of the leading preventable cancers. Human papillomavirus plays an important role in the etiology of cervical cancer. In many studies, a significant reduction in cervical cancer and other HPV-associated neoplastic lesions has been observed with HPV vaccines. Vaccination is recommended to prevent cervical cancer during puberty. In this study, it was aimed to determine the awareness levels of the parents about the HPV vaccines recommended at adolescence and their attitudes towards vaccination.
METHODS: This study was planned as a cross-sectional study that included 299 parents whose children are between the ages of 9-18 and who applied to our pediatric outpatient clinic between June 2019 and August 2019. The questionnaire examines about socio-demographic characteristics and information source about HPV vaccine and attitude towards paid vaccines, was administered with the help of a doctor.
RESULTS: Out of 299 parents, 273 (91.3%) were mothers and 26 (8.7%) were fathers. When parents' awareness of the vaccine was questioned, only 47 (15.7%) stated that they had heard of the vaccine before. After being given the information on the vaccine, 207 (69.2%) of the participants stated that they did not want their children to be vaccinated against HPV; 118 (57%) of them showed a negative approach due to the cost.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In our study, it was observed that the parents had a low level of awareness. Most common reason for not wanting their children to be vaccinated was the cost of the vaccine. As a result of this study, it is thought that the vaccination rate will increase if the vaccine is included in our national vaccination programme and our physicians inform families about the vaccine.

Keywords: HPV vaccine, awareness, parent

Corresponding Author: Cansu Levent, Türkiye
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