INTRODUCTION: Infant mortality is closely related tothe welfare and development level of society. Primary care interventions can be effective in preventing these deaths. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of infant mortality in Bingöl province in 2016-2017, which is one of Turkey's eastern cities, the reasons and factors that maybe related to the prevalence of infant mortality.
METHODS: The type of this research is routine surveillance study. The data were collected retrospectively by examining the deaths of 99 infants in Bingöl province in 2016 and the deaths of 69 infants in 2017 through their medical record files in this study.
RESULTS: The infant mortality rate, which was 0.18% in 2016, decreased to 0.12% in 2017. In 2016, the most common cause of infant mortality was prematurity 43 (43.4%) and congenital anomalies 35 (35.4%). The most common cause of death in 2017 was a congenital anomaly 28 (41.7%) and prematurity 25 (37.3%).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In our study, infant mortality rates in Bingöl were higher than the national average in 2016 and 2017. Congenital anomaly and prematurity were the most common causes of infant mortality in both years. Such studies showing the causes of infant mortality and their changes over the years can be a guide for health policymakers.