INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a common chronic disease and a global public health problem. There are many studies showing that the Mediterranean diet has an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Our aim in this study is to evaluate the dietary habits of patients with hypertension in Eskisehir and the effects of nutrition on metabolic syndrome and blood pressure regulation.
METHODS: In this study, 153 volunteer patients with hypertension who applied to Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty Hospital Family Medicine and Internal Diseases Clinics were included. The Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener was used to evaluate the dietary habits of the patients with hypertension.
RESULTS: While the blood pressure regulation rates of patients using adequate levels of olive oil were found to be higher than the patients who did not consume, the body mass indexes of patients with the Mediterranean diet compliance were significantly lower than the patients without diet adaptation. Similarly, considering waist circumference measurements, the median dimensions of the patients with the Mediterranean diet were significantly lower than the patients without Mediterranean diet.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We think that the Mediterranean diet can be regulated as nutrition treatment in the process of protection from cardiovascular diseases and after the formation of the disease by providing appropriate counseling with the specialist branches in a multidisciplinary way, protection can be provided with supportive treatments.